WASHINGTON — A $265 million public marketing campaign to “defeat despair” round the coronavirus was deliberate partly round the politically tinged theme that “helping the president will help the country,” in accordance to paperwork launched on Thursday by House investigators.

Michael R. Caputo, the assistant secretary for public affairs at the Department of Health and Human Services, and others concerned envisioned a star-studded marketing campaign to carry American spirits, however the lawmakers mentioned they sought to exclude celebrities who had supported homosexual rights or same-sex marriage or who had publicly disparaged President Trump. The actor Zach Galifianakis, for example, was apparently handed over as a result of he had declined to have Mr. Trump on his discuss present “Between Two Ferns.” (Mr. Galifianakis did have President Barack Obama on the irreverent present.)

Ultimately, the marketing campaign collapsed in late September amid recriminations and investigation.

Democrats on the House Oversight and Reform Committee and the choose subcommittee on the coronavirus disaster launched the data, declaring that “these documents include extremely troubling revelations.” They accused Alex M. Azar II, the secretary of well being and human companies, of “a cover-up to conceal the Trump administration’s misuse of hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars for partisan political purposes ahead of the upcoming election.”

Mr. Caputo, a fierce ally of Mr. Trump, had drawn consideration to the public relations marketing campaign final month throughout an prolonged rant on Facebook, claiming that the president had personally put him in control of the undertaking and that profession authorities scientists have been participating in “sedition” to undermine the president. He is on medical depart battling most cancers.

That public relations effort is now in shambles. The celebrities picked to promote the marketing campaign, together with the actor Dennis Quaid, have pulled out. Mr. Azar ordered a assessment of whether or not the initiative served “important public health purposes.” Top well being division officers have privately tried to distance themselves from the undertaking.

“The plan has always been to only use materials reviewed by a departmentwide team of experts,” a division spokeswoman mentioned in an announcement.

The new paperwork point out that Mr. Quaid stood out primarily as a result of he received by means of the vetting. Documents present contractors concerned in the public relations effort researched the political opinions and backgrounds of no less than 274 celebrities in what appeared to be an effort to root out anti-Trump sentiment that would inflect the initiative.

Mr. Galifianakis “refused to host President Trump on talk show,” one notation reads. Bryan Cranston, the antihero of the tv program “Breaking Bad,” “called out Trump’s attacks on journalists during his Tony Awards speech in 2019.” The actor Jack Black was “known to be a classic Hollywood liberal.”

The singer Christina Aguilera “is an Obama-supporting Democrat and a gay-rights supporting liberal.” Adam Levine of the band Maroon 5 “fights for gay rights.” Justin Timberlake “supports gay marriage.”

Dakota Johnson, the actress, as soon as “wore a pin to support Planned Parenthood.” And Sarah Jessica Parker, the actress, was tagged as an “L.G.B.T.Q. supporter including marriage equality.”

In the finish, solely 10 of lots of of potential celebrities thought of for the marketing campaign have been accepted, the paperwork counsel.

The new paperwork take care of a $15 million contract awarded to Atlas Research and point out that authorities officers efficiently urged the firm to rent three little-known subcontractors with no apparent experience to be part of the greater marketing campaign.

When Mark H. Chichester, the president of Atlas, tried to analysis these subcontractors, he found “small shops with little on them in the public domain,” in accordance to paperwork the committee launched.

One was a one-person operation run by a state-level Republican pollster, Mr. Chichester wrote. Another appeared to be “a small — perhaps one-man” operation.

A 3rd was a “platform owned by Den Tolmor, a Russian-born business associate of Caputo’s,” Mr. Chichester mentioned.

In a September assembly with one subcontractor, Mr. Caputo advised “taglines” for the effort, a few of which had a distinctly partisan tone, similar to “helping the president will help the country,” in accordance to notes launched by the lawmakers. Mr. Caputo mentioned that theme “would appeal to his base in terms of wearing a mask, vaccine,” the notes state.

Mr. Caputo appeared to be attempting to shore up assist from Mr. Trump’s followers who may be skeptical of carrying masks or getting a vaccine by linking these actions with supporting the president. The predominant contractor, Atlas Research, couldn’t be instantly reached for remark. An individual aware of Mr. Caputo’s model of occasions, who spoke on the situation of anonymity, mentioned Mr. Caputo was by no means in enterprise with Mr. Tolmor, the subcontractor, and didn’t strive to improperly intervene in the contracting course of.

But the paperwork launched by congressional investigators counsel that contract officers with the Food and Drug Administration, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, have been so involved about Mr. Caputo’s involvement in the course of that one eliminated him from an electronic mail chain and warned Atlas executives that solely contract officers might advise the firm about how to fulfill its authorities obligations.

The public relations marketing campaign turned politically poisonous even to those that signed up for it. Mr. Quaid just lately backed out after recording an interview with Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the authorities’s prime infectious illness professional, saying in an Instagram submit that his position was not an endorsement of Mr. Trump, and that he was “feeling some outrage and a lot of disappointment” after public experiences on the marketing campaign. The singer CeCe Winans additionally dropped out.

Democratic lawmakers have questioned the marketing campaign’s funding after Dr. Robert R. Redfield, the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, testified in September that $300 million had been steered from his company’s finances to Mr. Caputo’s workplace, and that the C.D.C. was given no position in the marketing campaign, which aimed to “defeat despair.”

The federal authorities awarded the marketing campaign’s greatest contract to the Fors Marsh Group, a analysis firm in Northern Virginia. A division official mentioned the award, for $250 million, was competitively bid and Mr. Caputo had “nothing to do” with it.

On Sunday, The Wall Street Journal reported that as a part of that very same marketing campaign, Mr. Caputo had supplied early entry to a coronavirus vaccine to a bunch of performers who play Santa Claus, Mrs. Claus and elves. In recordings obtained by The Journal, Mr. Caputo mentioned that the marketing campaign would function regional occasions with “beautiful educational films,” and that the Santas would take part in dozens of cities. Health division officers mentioned the Santa plan was discarded. Mr. Caputo additionally didn’t have the energy to grant particular entry to a vaccine.

In their letter dated Wednesday, the Democrats scolded Mr. Azar for not turning over contract paperwork, together with these associated to Atlas. They wrote that it was “completely inappropriate to frame a taxpayer-funded ad campaign around ‘helping’ President Trump in the weeks and days before the election.”

The letter was signed by three committee leaders: Representatives Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, James E. Clyburn of South Carolina and Raja Krishnamoorthi of Illinois.

Mr. Caputo was particularly aggressive in placing the president’s sanguine spin on the pandemic. He and a onetime adviser he employed at the division, Dr. Paul Alexander, repeatedly tried to intervene with weekly bulletins printed by the C.D.C. about the newest analysis on the pandemic, lashing out at profession officers for perceived opposition to Mr. Trump. Mr. Caputo requested C.D.C. officers for the names of the authors of the experiences in an try to find potential anti-Trump political bias of their biographies, in accordance to two former senior well being officers.

Noah Weiland and Sharon LaFraniere – www.nytimes.com

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